Typography and Unicode – Major European languages

 

The table below lists all major European languages. For the purposes of this website, major European languages are defined as all offical languages of the European Union (24 languages, 22 of which are written with a Latin-based alphabet) and the official national languages of all European countries outside of the EU (11 languages, 7 of which can be written with a Latin-based alphabet). Minority and regional languages are not included.

The basic characters of the Latin alphabet and our modern numerals are listed here: Basic alphabet. Common special characters, such as punctuation marks and mathematical symbols are shown on the Special characters page. Some languages use special characters in addition to the set of basic Latin letters and characters. For a list of these extensions sorted alphabetically, please see Extensions (alphabetic). For a list sorted by language, please check Extensions (by language).
 
For correct usage of quotation marks and decimal separator by language, please see Quotes.

 

ISO code English Deutsch ISO code English Deutsch
Official languages of the European Union with a Latin-based alphabet Other major European languages with a Latin-based alphabet
cs Czech tschechisch bs Bosnian bosnisch
da Danish dänisch ca Catalan katalanisch
de German deutsch is Icelandic isländisch
en English englisch no Norwegian norwegisch
es Spanish spanisch sq Albanian albanisch
et Estonian estnisch sr Serbian serbisch
fi Finnish finnisch tr Turkish türkisch
fr French französisch
ga Irish irisch
hr Croatian  kroatisch
hu Hungarian ungarisch
it Italian italienisch
lt Lithuanian litauisch
lv Latvian lettisch
mt Maltese maltesisch
nl Dutch niederländisch
pl Polish polnisch
pt Portuguese portugiesisch
ro Romanian rumänisch
sk Slovakian slowakisch
sl Slovene slowenisch
sv Swedish schwedisch
Official languages of the European Union with a non-Latin-based alphabet Other major European languages with a non-Latin-based alphabet
bg Bulgarian bulgarisch be Belarusian weißrussisch
el Greek griechisch mk Macedonian mazedonisch
  ru Russian russisch
  sr Serbian serbisch
  uk Ukrainian ukrainisch

 

Serbian/serbisch can be written in either Latin or Cyrillic script.

Montenegrin/montenegrinisch (written in either Latin or Cyrillic script) doesn’t have an ISO 639-1 language code yet, and is not included on this website.

 

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