Typography and Unicode – Compatibility characters

 

A very much unfinished list of Unicode’s compatibility characters. These characters have been included in Unicode because they were represented in some older character code standards. However, in new and clean Unicode, they should be avoided. The respective base characters for substitution are listed.

 

  Unicode English Deutsch Unicode
Symbol Code Point Name Comment Name Kommentar Compa-tibility Script Block Category
    Ambigious characters   Mehrdeutige Zeichen          
- 002D Hyphen-minus Ambigous; best to replace with ›U+2010 Hyphen‹ or ›U+2212 Minus sign‹. Provides line break opportunity after the character, except if followed by a figure. Bindestrich-Minus-Zeichen Nicht eindeutig, besser durch ›U+2010 Bindestrich‹ oder ›U+2212 Minuszeichen‹ ersetzen. Erlaubt automatischen Zeilenumbruch dahinter, außer wenn eine Ziffer folgt. Common C0 controls and basic Latin Punctuation, dash
    Non-preferred characters Nicht bevorzugte Zeichen        
' 0027 Apostrophe Typewriter or neutral apostrophe, replace with U+2019 Right single quotation mark (typographical apostrophe). Schreibmaschinen-Apostroph Nicht typografisch korrekt, durch U+2019 Apostroph ersetzen. Common C0 controls and basic Latin Punctuation, other
" 0022 Quotation mark Typewriter or neutral double quotation mark, replace with typographical quotation marks (English: U+201C Left double qutation mark and U+201D Right double quotation mark). Schreibmaschinen-Anführungszeichen Besser durch typografische Anführungszeichen ersetzen (deutsch: U+201E Anführungszeichen unten und U+201CAnführungszeichen oben). Common C0 controls and basic Latin Punctuation, other
201B Single high-reversed-9 quotation mark For standard appearance, use ›U+2018 Left single quotation mark‹. Umgedrehtes halbes Anführungszeichen oben Übliches Aussehen ist ›U+2018 Halbes Anführungszeichen oben‹. Common General punctuation Punctuation, initial quote
201F Double high-reversed-9 quotation mark For standard appearance, use ›U+201C Left double quotation mark‹. Umgedrehtes Anführungszeichen oben Übliches Aussehen ist ›U+201C Anführungszeichen oben‹. Common General punctuation Punctuation, initial quote
    Compatibility characters, only used for legacy encodings Kompatibilitätszeichen, nur für ältere Kodierungssysteme.        
2024 One dot leader   Leitpunkt   ≈ U+002E Common General punctuation Punctuation, other
2126 Ohm sign   Ohmzeichen   ≡ U+03A9 Greek Letterlike symbols Letter, uppercase
2103 Degree celsius   Grad-Celsius-Zeichen   ≈ U+00B0 U+0043 Common Letterlike symbols Symbol, other
µ 00B5 Micro sign   Mikrozeichen   ≈ U+03BC Common C1 controls and Latin-1 supplement Letter, lowercase
212A Kelvin sign   Kelvinzeichen   ≡ U+004B Latin Letterlike symbols Letter, uppercase
212B Angstrom sign   Angströmzeichen   ≡ U+00C5 Latin Letterlike symbols Letter, uppercase
2109 Degree fahrenheit   Grad-Fahrenheit-Zeichen   ≈ U+00B0 U+0046 Common Letterlike symbols Symbol, other
2113 Script small l   Kleinbuchstabe l in Schreibschrift   ≈ U+006C Common Letterlike symbols Letter, lowercase
2139 Information source   Informationssymbol   ≈ U+0069 Common Letterlike symbols Letter, lowercase
2100 Account of   A-Konto-Zeichen   ≈ U+0061 U+002F U+0063 Common Letterlike symbols Symbol, other
2101 Addressed to the subject   Betreffzeichen   ≈ U+0061 U+002F U+0073 Common Letterlike symbols Symbol, other
2105 Care of   Per Adresse   ≈ U+0063 U+002F U+006F Common Letterlike symbols Symbol, other
2106 Cada una   Cada-una-zeichen   ≈ U+0063 U+002F U+0075 Common Letterlike symbols Symbol, other
2116 Numero sign   Numerozeichen   ≈ U+004E U+006F Common Letterlike symbols Symbol, other
2121 Telephone sign   Telefonzeichen   ≈ U+0054 U+0045 U+004C Common Letterlike symbols Symbol, other
213B Facsimile sign   Telefaxzeichen   ≈ U+0046 U+0041 U+0058 Common Letterlike symbols Symbol, other
2122 Trade mark sign   Warenzeichen   ≈ U+0054 U+004D (superscript) Common Letterlike symbols Symbol, other
2120 Service mark   Dienstleistungsmarke   ≈ U+0053 U+004D (superscript) Common Letterlike symbols Symbol, other
20A8 Rupee sign India, unofficial legcay practice. Use U+0052 Latin capital letter R and U+0073 Latin small letter s instead. The modern official Indian rupee sign is U+20B9 Indian rupee sign. Rupienzeichen   ≈ U+0052 U+0073 Common Currency symbols Symbol, currency
2107 Euler constant   Zeichen für Eulersche Konstante   ≈ U+0190 Common Letterlike symbols Letter, uppercase
210E Planck constant   Zeichen für Plancksches Wirkungsquantum   ≈ U+0068 Common Letterlike symbols Letter, lowercase
210F Planck constant over two pi   Zeichen für reduziertes Plancksches Wirkungsquantum H quer. ≈ U+0127 Common Letterlike symbols Letter, lowercase
FB00 Latin small ligature ff   Kleinbuchstabenligatur ff   ≈ U+0066 U+0066 Latin Alphabetic presentation forms Letter, lowercase
FB01 Latin small ligature fi   Kleinbuchstabenligatur fi   ≈ U+0066 U+0069 Latin Alphabetic presentation forms Letter, lowercase
FB02 Latin small ligature fl   Kleinbuchstabenligatur fl   ≈ U+0066 U+006C Latin Alphabetic presentation forms Letter, lowercase
FB03 Latin small ligature ffi   Kleinbuchstabenligatur ffi   ≈ U+0066 U++0066 U+0069 Latin Alphabetic presentation forms Letter, lowercase
FB04 Latin small ligature ffl   Kleinbuchstabenligatur ffl   ≈ U+0066 U+0066 U+006C Latin Alphabetic presentation forms Letter, lowercase
FB05 Latin small ligature long s t   Kleinbuchstabenligatur langes s und t   ≈ U+017F U+0074 Latin Alphabetic presentation forms Letter, lowercase
FB06 Latin small ligature st   Kleinbuchstabenligatur st   ≈ U+0073 U+0074 Latin Alphabetic presentation forms Letter, lowercase
IJ 0132 Latin capital ligature IJ   Großbuchstabenligatur IJ   ≈ U+0049 U+004A Latin Latin extended-A Letter, uppercase
ij 0133 Latin small ligature ij   Kleinbuchstabenligatur ij   ≈ U+0069 U+006A Latin Latin extended-A Letter, lowercase
LJ 01C7 Latin capital letter LJ       ≈ U+004C U+00$A Latin Latin extended-B Letter, uppercase
Lj 01C8 Latin capital letter L with small letter j       ≈ U+004C U+006A Latin Latin extended-B Letter, titlecase
lj 01C9 Latin small letter lj       ≈ U+006C U+006A Latin Latin extended-B Letter, lowercase
NJ 01CA Latin capital letter NJ       ≈ U+004E U+00$A Latin Latin extended-B Letter, uppercase
Nj 01CB Latin capital letter N with small letter j       ≈ U+004E U+006A Latin Latin extended-B Letter, titlecase
nj 01CC Latin small letter nj       ≈ U+006E U+006A Latin Latin extended-B Letter, lowercase
DZ 01F1 Latin capital letter DZ       ≈ U+0044 U+005A Latin Latin extended-B Letter, lowercase
Dz 01F2 Latin capital letter D with small letter z       ≈ U+0044 U+007A Latin Latin extended-B Letter, titlecase
dz 01F3 Latin small letter dz       ≈ U+0064 U+007A Latin Latin extended-B Letter, lowercase
¼ 00BC Vulgar fraction one quarter       ≈ U+0031 U+2044 U+0034 Common C1 controls and Latin-1 supplement Number, other
½ 00BD Vulgar fraction one half       ≈ U+0031 U+2044 U+0032 Common C1 controls and Latin-1 supplement Number, other
¾ 00BE Vulgar fraction three quarters       ≈ U+0033 U+2044 U+0034 Common C1 controls and Latin-1 supplement Number, other
2150 Vulgar fraction one seventh       ≈ U+0031 U+2044 U+0037 Common Number forms Number, other
2151 Vulgar fraction one ninth       ≈ U+0031 U+2044 U+0039 Common Number forms Number, other
2152 Vulgar fraction one tenth       ≈ U+0031 U+2044 U+0031 U+0030 Common Number forms Number, other
2153 Vulgar fraction one third       ≈ U+0031 U+2044 U+003 Common Number forms Number, other
2154 Vulgar fraction two thirds       ≈ U+0032 U+2044 U+0033 Common Number forms Number, other
2155 Vulgar fraction one fifth       ≈ U+0031 U+2044 U+0035 Common Number forms Number, other
2156 Vulgar fraction two fifths       ≈ U+0032 U+2044 U+0035 Common Number forms Number, other
2157 Vulgar fraction three fifths       ≈ U+0033 U+2044 U+0035 Common Number forms Number, other
2158 Vulgar fraction four fifths       ≈ U+0034 U+2044 U+0035 Common Number forms Number, other
2159 Vulgar fraction one sixth       ≈ U+0031 U+2044 U+0036 Common Number forms Number, other
215A Vulgar fraction five sixths       ≈ U+0035 U+2044 U+0036 Common Number forms Number, other
215B Vulgar fraction one eight       ≈ U+0031 U+2044 U+0038 Common Number forms Number, other
215C Vulgar fraction three eights       ≈ U+0033 U+2044 U+0038 Common Number forms Number, other
215D Vulgar fraction five eights       ≈ U+0035 U+2044 U+0038 Common Number forms Number, other
215E Vulgar fraction seven eights       ≈ U+0037 U+2044 U+0038 Common Number forms Number, other
215F Fraction numerator one       ≈ U+0031 U+2044 Common Number forms Number, other
2189 Vulgar fraction zero thirds       ≈ U+0030 U+2044 U+0033 Common Number forms Number, other
2160 Roman numeral one   Römisches Zahlzeichen eins   ≈ U+0049 Latin Number forms Number, letter
2161 Roman numeral two   Römisches Zahlzeichen zwei   ≈ U+0049 U+0049 Latin Number forms Number, letter
2162 Roman numeral three   Römisches Zahlzeichen drei   ≈ U+0049 U+0049 U+0049 Latin Number forms Number, letter
2163 Roman numeral four   Römisches Zahlzeichen vier   ≈ U+0049 U+0056 Latin Number forms Number, letter
2164 Roman numeral five   Römisches Zahlzeichen fünf   ≈ U+0056 Latin Number forms Number, letter
2165 Roman numeral six   Römisches Zahlzeichen sechs   ≈ U+0056 U+0049 Latin Number forms Number, letter
2166 Roman numeral seven   Römisches Zahlzeichen sieben   ≈ U+0056 U+0049 U+0049 Latin Number forms Number, letter
2167 Roman numeral eight   Römisches Zahlzeichen acht   ≈ U+0056 U+0049 U+0049 U+0049 Latin Number forms Number, letter
2168 Roman numeral nine   Römisches Zahlzeichen neun   ≈ U+0049 U+0058 Latin Number forms Number, letter
2169 Roman numeral ten   Römisches Zahlzeichen zehn   ≈ U+0058 Latin Number forms Number, letter
216A Roman numeral eleven   Römisches Zahlzeichen elf   ≈ U+0058 U+0049 Latin Number forms Number, letter
216B Roman numeral twelve   Römisches Zahlzeichen zwölf   ≈ U+0058 U+0049 U+0049 Latin Number forms Number, letter
216C Roman numeral fifty   Römisches Zahlzeichen fünfzig   ≈ U+004C Latin Number forms Number, letter
216D Roman numeral one hundred   Römisches Zahlzeichen hundert   ≈ U+0043 Latin Number forms Number, letter
216E Roman numeral five hundred   Römisches Zahlzeichen fünfhundert   ≈ U+0044 Latin Number forms Number, letter
216F Roman numeral one thousand   Römisches Zahlzeichen tausend   ≈ U+004D Latin Number forms Number, letter
ª 00AA Feminine ordinal indicator Spanish.     ≈ U+0061 (superscript) Common C1 controls and Latin-1 supplement Letter, other
º 00BA Masculine ordinal indicator Spanish.     ≈ U+006F (superscript) Common C1 controls and Latin-1 supplement Letter, other
2071 Superscript Latin small letter i       ≈ U+0069 (superscript) Latin Superscripts and subscripts Letter, modifier
207F Superscript Latin small letter n       ≈ U+006E (superscript) Latin Superscripts and subscripts Letter, modifier
2070 Superscript zero       ≈ U+0030 (superscript) Common Superscripts and subscripts Number, other
¹ 00B9 Superscript one       ≈ U+0031 (superscript) Common C1 controls and Latin-1 supplement Number, other
² 00B2 Superscript two Squared.     ≈ U+0032 (superscript) Common C1 controls and Latin-1 supplement Number, other
³ 00B3 Superscript three Cubed.     ≈ U+0033 (superscript) Common C1 controls and Latin-1 supplement Number, other
2133 Script capital M German Mark currency symbol, before world war II.     ≈ U+004D Common Letterlike symbols Letter, uppercase
ʰ 02B0 Modifier letter small h Aspiration.     ≈ U+0068 (superscript) Latin Spacing modifier letters Letter, modifier
ˢ 02E2 Modifier letter small s       ≈ U+0073 (superscript) Latin Spacing modifier letters Letter, modifier
1D43 Modifier letter small a       ≈ U+0061 (superscript) Latin Phonetic extensions Letter, modifier
1D4D Modifier letter small g       ≈ U+0067 (superscript) Latin Phonetic extensions Letter, modifier
1D50 Modifier letter small m       ≈ U+006D (superscript) Latin Phonetic extensions Letter, modifier
1D57 Modifier letter small t       ≈ U+0074 (superscript) Latin Phonetic extensions Letter, modifier
1D9C Modifier letter small c       ≈ U+0063 (superscript) Latin Phonetic extensions supplement Letter, modifier
2329 Left-pointing angle bracket       ≡ U+3008 Common Miscellaneous technical Punctuation, start
232A Right-pointing angle bracket       ≡ U+3009 Common Miscellaneous technical Punctuation, end

 

 

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