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Typography and Unicode – Basic alphabet

Standard letters and numbers
The basic Latin alphabet and European numbers

The table below lists all 52 (2 × 26 for uppercase and lowercase) basic letters of the Latin alphabet, the most common script world-wide. In addition, the 10 standard European numerals are shown (62 characters in total). All of these characters are easily accessible from any keyboard.


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English Deutsch Number of
characters
Capital letters Großbuchstaben 26
Small letters Kleinbuchstaben 26
Digits Ziffern 10



Unicode Deutsch Unicode
Symbol Code
Point
Name Comment Name Kommentar Compat-
ibility
Script General
Category
Block Subhead
Capital letters Großbuchstaben
A 0041 Latin capital letter A Großbuchstabe A Latin Letter, uppercase Basic Latin Uppercase Latin alphabet
B 0042 Latin capital letter B Großbuchstabe B Latin Letter, uppercase Basic Latin Uppercase Latin alphabet
C 0043 Latin capital letter C Großbuchstabe C Latin Letter, uppercase Basic Latin Uppercase Latin alphabet
D 0044 Latin capital letter D Großbuchstabe D Latin Letter, uppercase Basic Latin Uppercase Latin alphabet
E 0045 Latin capital letter E Großbuchstabe E Latin Letter, uppercase Basic Latin Uppercase Latin alphabet
F 0046 Latin capital letter F Großbuchstabe F Latin Letter, uppercase Basic Latin Uppercase Latin alphabet
G 0047 Latin capital letter G Großbuchstabe G Latin Letter, uppercase Basic Latin Uppercase Latin alphabet
H 0048 Latin capital letter H Großbuchstabe H Latin Letter, uppercase Basic Latin Uppercase Latin alphabet

I

0049

Latin capital letter I

Großbuchstabe I

Latin Letter, uppercase Basic Latin Uppercase Latin aphabet

J

004A

Latin capital letter J

Großbuchstabe J

Latin

Letter, uppercase

Basic Latin

Uppercase Latin alphabet

K

004B

Latin capital letter K

Großbuchstabe K

Latin

Letter, uppercase

Basic Latin

Uppercase Latin alphabet

L

004C

Latin capital letter L

Großbuchstabe L

Latin

Letter, uppercase

Basic Latin

Uppercase Latin alphabet

M

004D

Latin capital letter M

Großbuchstabe M

Latin

Letter, uppercase

Basic Latin

Uppercase Latin alphabet

N

004E

Latin capital letter N

Großbuchstabe N

Latin

Letter, uppercase

Basic Latin

Uppercase Latin alphabet

O

004F

Latin capital letter O

Großbuchstabe O

Latin

Letter, uppercase

Basic Latin

Uppercase Latin alphabet

P

0050

Latin capital letter P

Großbuchstabe P

Latin

Letter, uppercase

Basic Latin

Uppercase Latin alphabet

Q

0051

Latin capital letter Q

Großbuchstabe Q

Latin

Letter, uppercase

Basic Latin

Uppercase Latin alphabet

R

0052

Latin capital letter R

Großbuchstabe R

Latin

Letter, uppercase

Basic Latin

Uppercase Latin alphabet

S

0053

Latin capital letter S

Großbuchstabe S

Latin Letter, uppercase Basic Latin Uppercase Latin aphabet

T

0054

Latin capital letter T

Großbuchstabe T

Latin

Letter, uppercase

Basic Latin

Uppercase Latin alphabet

U

0055

Latin capital letter U

Großbuchstabe U

Latin

Letter, uppercase

Basic Latin

Uppercase Latin alphabet

V

0056

Latin capital letter V

Großbuchstabe V

Latin

Letter, uppercase

Basic Latin

Uppercase Latin alphabet

W

0057

Latin capital letter W

Großbuchstabe W

Latin

Letter, uppercase

Basic Latin

Uppercase Latin alphabet

X

0058

Latin capital letter X

Großbuchstabe X

Latin

Letter, uppercase

Basic Latin

Uppercase Latin alphabet

Y

0059

Latin capital letter Y

Großbuchstabe Y

Latin

Letter, uppercase

Basic Latin

Uppercase Latin alphabet

Z

005A

Latin capital letter Z

Großbuchstabe Z

Latin

Letter, uppercase

Basic Latin

Uppercase Latin alphabet

Small letters Kleinbuchstaben
a 0061 Latin small letter a Kleinbuchstabe a Latin Letter, lowercase Basic Latin Lowercase Latin alphabet

b

0062

Latin small letter b

Kleinbuchstabe b

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

c

0063

Latin small letter c

Kleinbuchstabe c

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

d

0064

Latin small letter d

Kleinbuchstabe d

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

e

0065

Latin small letter e

Kleinbuchstabe e

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

f

0066

Latin small letter f

Kleinbuchstabe f

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

g

0067

Latin small letter g

Kleinbuchstabe g

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

h

0068

Latin small letter h

Kleinbuchstabe h

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

i

0069

Latin small letter i

Kleinbuchstabe i

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

j

006A

Latin small letter j

Kleinbuchstabe j

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

k

006B

Latin small letter k

Kleinbuchstabe k

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

l

006C

Latin small letter l

Kleinbuchstabe l

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

m

006D

Latin small letter m

Kleinbuchstabe m

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

n

006E

Latin small letter n

Kleinbuchstabe n

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

o

006F

Latin small letter o

Kleinbuchstabe o

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

p

0070

Latin small letter p

Kleinbuchstabe p

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

q

0071

Latin small letter q

Kleinbuchstabe q

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

r

0072

Latin small letter r

Kleinbuchstabe r

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

s

0073

Latin small letter s

Kleinbuchstabe s

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

t

0074

Latin small letter t

Kleinbuchstabe t

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

u

0075

Latin small letter u

Kleinbuchstabe u

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

v

0076

Latin small letter v

Kleinbuchstabe v

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

w

0077

Latin small letter w

Kleinbuchstabe w

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

x

0078

Latin small letter x

Kleinbuchstabe x

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

y

0079

Latin small letter y

Kleinbuchstabe y

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

z

007A

Latin small letter z

Kleinbuchstabe z

Latin

Letter, lowercase

Basic Latin

Lowercase Latin alphabet

Numerals Ziffern
0 0030 Digit zero Ziffer Null Common Number, decimal digit Basic Latin ASCII digits
1 0031 Digit one Ziffer Eins Common Number, decimal digit Basic Latin ASCII digits
2 0032 Digit two Ziffer Zwei Common Number, decimal digit Basic Latin ASCII digits
3 0033 Digit three Ziffer Drei Common Number, decimal digit Basic Latin ASCII digits
4 0034 Digit four Ziffer Vier Common Number, decimal digit Basic Latin ASCII digits
5 0035 Digit five Ziffer Fünf Common Number, decimal digit Basic Latin ASCII digits
6 0036 Digit six Ziffer Sechs Common Number, decimal digit Basic Latin ASCII digits
7 0037 Digit seven Ziffer Sieben Common Number, decimal digit Basic Latin ASCII digits
8 0038 Digit eight Ziffer Acht Common Number, decimal digit Basic Latin ASCII digits
9 0039 Digit nine Ziffer Neun Common Number, decimal digit Basic Latin ASCII digits



A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

The standard European numerals are a variant of the Indo-Arabic numerals that developed around 500 in India. They started to spread to Europe by about 1000 and were in widespread use by 1500.

A simple overview of the evolution of the alphabet can be found here: Evolution of the Latin Alphabet (overview table).

A more detailed, commented version is available here: Evolution of the Latin Alphabet (with comments).




Website navigation – Typography

Standard letters and numbers
The basic Latin alphabet and European numbers.
A B C D … a b c d e … 0 1 2 3
Special characters
Common special characters such as punctuation marks, typographical symbols, mathematical symbols, etc.
. , : ; ? ! – ( ) / @ × = € µ ° …
Additional letters
(sorted by language or alphabetically)
Extensions of the basic alphabet for European languages, such as letters with diacritical marks, etc.
Á À Ä á à ä Ñ ñ ? ß ¿ …
European languages
A list of all major European languages (all official languages of the European Union and of all other European countries).
Czech Danish German English …
Diacritics
A list of all diacritical marks for all major European languages based on the Latin alphabet.
´ ` ^ ? …
Quotes
xxx
„“ ‚‘ …